As the production process of crude palm oil extracted from palm kernel is completed, the company will gain massive benefits from the existence of shells, empty bunch, decanter and fiber. Admittedly, these by-products can make a lot of profits for the company.
- Shell is sheltered by palm fibers attached to the outermost shell and a palm seed. With its brown and husky properties, the palm shell is best known as a good fuel source.
- Empty bunch can appropriately be applied into fertilizer for mushroom cultivation.
- Decanter cake is a good ingredient for animal food and it serves as a required raw material in biogas production.
- Fiber, preferred by business affiliates, is used as a fuel source in producing electricity and heat for the crude palm oil production, which helps reduce the purchasing cost of fuel sources from other business providers.